ECMO is used in infants who are sick due to breathing or heart problems. The purpose of ECMO is to provide enough oxygen to the baby while allowing time for the lungs and heart to rest or heal.
The most common conditions that may require ECMO are:
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)
Birth defects of the heart
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS)
Severe air leak problems
Severe high blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs (PPHN)