Meckel's Diverticulum

Meckel's Diverticulum

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17824 days ago, 4407 views

Pediatrics

The differential diagnosis for this child's painless hematochezia includes Meckel's diverticulum as well as vascular malformations. Meckel's diverticulum results from a failure of the vitelline duct to obliterate during the first 8 weeks of gestation, leaving behind a blind pouch often containing ectopic gastric tissue. Meckel's diverticulum classically affects children age ~:2 but can also occur in older children or even adults. Young children are more likely to experience painless bleeding due to mucosal irritation from gastric acid; adolescents and adults are more likely to have signs of obstruction. A technetium-99 nuclear scan will identify the diverticulum, which is usually located in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen within 2 feet of the ileocecal valve. Technetium-99 concentrates in the parietal cells of the diverticulum and stomach. The scan is also known as "Meckel's scan" due to its high specificity. A symptomatic Meckel's diverticulum is generally treated with surgical resection.

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