Oncology and Cancers
1,388 Views · 4 years ago
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a rare but life threatening condition characterised by activation of macrophages which result in phagocytosis of RBCs and cytokine mediated tissue damage. This presentation aims to discuss the genetic basis, clinical features, diagnostic criteria and management options in this serious condition. The management options in HLH include Etoposide, Dexamethasone, Cyclosorine, Tacrolimus, Alemtuzumab and stem cell transplant.
1,553 Views · 4 years ago
Chronic myeloid leukaemia is a common malignancy worldwide. We have come a long way from the limited treatment options and survival in this condition. Today, CML is a treatable malignancy with more than 80% patients surviving beyond 10 years after diagnosis, in absence of complications. This presentation deals with the definition, diagnostic criteria of chronic phase, accelerated and blastic phase (MD Anderson cancer centre, International bone marrow transplant registry and the WHO for the latter two) and management (first and second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors) of this condition. Finally, a stepwise approach to chronic myeloid leukaemia is also presented including the definitive modality of treatment, allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
1,834 Views · 4 years ago
Presence of abdominal pain and distension. Presence of urinary symptoms - Such as dysuria, oliguria, flank pain, and hematuria. Occurrence of any symptoms of hypocalcemia - Such as anorexia, vomiting, cramps, seizures, spasms, altered mental status, and tetany. Symptoms of hyperkalemia - Such as weakness and paralysis.
5,914 Views · 4 years ago
An omentectomy is a surgical procedure designed to remove the omentum, which is a thin fold of abdominal tissue that encases the stomach, large intestine and other abdominal organs. This fatty lining contains lymph nodes, lymph vessels, nerves and blood vessels.
1,791 Views · 4 years ago
Stomach cancer usually begins in the mucus-producing cells that line the stomach. This type of cancer is called adenocarcinoma. For the past several decades, rates of cancer in the main part of the stomach (stomach body) have been falling worldwide. During the same period, cancer in the area where the top part of the stomach (cardia) meets the lower end of the swallowing tube (esophagus) has become much more common. This area of the stomach is called the gastroesophageal junction.
1,847 Views · 4 years ago
Over the course of a woman's lifetime, she may experience breast changes. While many end up being nothing to worry about, it's important to have any changes that you notice checked by a doctor -- just to be on the safe side. Here are the potential breast cancer symptoms to watch out for.
4,814 Views · 4 years ago
Teratomas are tumors made up of tissues, such as hair, muscle, and bone. They occur most often in the ovaries in women, and the testicles in men. They may be benign or malignant. Symptoms vary depending on the location. A painful lump or swelling may be apparent. Some babies have a mass that can be seen on an ultrasound before birth. Treatment often involves surgery. In rare cases when a teratoma is malignant, chemotherapy or radiation may be needed.
5,053 Views · 4 years ago
Bone tumors include abnormal healing of an injury, inherited conditions, radiation therapy. It can also be caused by bone cancer or another cancer that has spread to the bone from other parts of the body. A bone tumor may cause a painless mass. Some people have dull, aching pain. And in some cases, minor injury causes a fracture near the tumor. Treatments include surgery and radiation. Some noncancerous tumors go away without treatment
2,040 Views · 4 years ago
Ewing's sarcoma typically occurs in children and young adults. It often begins in the legs, bones of the pelvis, and arms. Bone pain, localized swelling, and tenderness are symptoms. In rare cases bone fractures may also be found. Treatments include chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation.
1,900 Views · 4 years ago
Obesity is the abnormal condition that causes a person to put on excessive amounts of weight due to accumulation of fat in their body. This extreme weight causes a variety of other disorders and diseases as complications associated with it. https://goo.gl/GgSAoY
6,686 Views · 4 years ago
A spinal tumor is a growth that develops within your spinal canal or within the bones of your spine. It may be cancerous or noncancerous. Tumors that affect the bones of the spine (vertebrae) are known as vertebral tumors. Tumors that begin within the spinal cord itself are called spinal cord tumors. There are two main types of tumors that may affect the spinal cord: Intramedullary tumors begin in the cells within the spinal cord itself, such as astrocytomas or ependymomas. Extramedullary tumors develop within the supporting network of cells around the spinal cord. Although they don't begin within the spinal cord itself, these types of tumors may affect spinal cord function by causing spinal cord compression and other problems. Examples of extramedullary tumors that can affect the spinal cord include schwannomas, meningiomas and neurofibromas.
2,056 Views · 4 years ago
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men (after skin cancer), but it can often be treated successfully. If you have prostate cancer or are close to someone who does, knowing what to expect can help you cope. Here you can find out all about prostate cancer, including risk factors, symptoms, how it is found, and how it is treated.
1,374 Views · 4 years ago
Immunotherapy cancer trial cures 90% of participants.